NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS IN GERMANY

Germany"s phase-out des nuclear energy möchte only lead to ns country absent its 2030 carbon emissions target, 25 leading foreign und German environmentalists, journalists and academics schutz written in an open letter to the German public. They speak to on German politicians zu be "brave enough" zu change legislation kommen sie at the very least postpone ns shutdown des the country"s reactors.

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The Grohnde plant, which ist due to shut down hinweisen the end of 2021 (Image: PreussenElektra)

The letter - title Dear Germany, you re welcome leave ns nuclear power plants on die grid and published on 13 October bei Welt - notes a recent draft government report that predicts that, based on the policies an place bei August 2020, Germany will largely fehlschlagen its target of a 65% reduction in CO2 emissions über 2030 compared with 1990 levels. "It is very difficult kommen sie imagine that the measures embraced since then will completely close this gap," the says.

The authors add: "However, Germany is not exhausting all ns options available to the country. Ns elephant in the room is that Germany is increasing ns carbon emissions von its energy system von stepping out von nuclear power. And this punkt a time when ns decarbonisation of the electrical energy industry zu sein the hauptsächlich strategy for effectively achieving in energy system with net-zero emissions."

Following ns accident at the Fukushima Daiichi plant bei Japan bei March 2011, the government von Chancellor angela Merkel decided it would phase out that is use von nuclear power von the ende of 2022 at the latest. Prior to ns accident, Germany was obtaining about one-quarter des its electricity from nuclear power.

In ehrenvoll 2011, die 13th amendment des the Nuclear stärke Act came right into effect, which underlined die political will to phase out atom power an Germany. As a result, eight devices were closed under immediately: Biblis A and B, Brunsbüttel, Isar 1, Krümmel, Neckarwestheim 1, Phillipsburg 1 and Unterweser.

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By the end of this year, Brokdorf, Grohnde and Gundremmingen samen are reserved to nah dran down, with ns country's final three devices - Emsland, Isar 2 and Neckarwestheim 2 - set to close hinweisen the end of 2022.

"This loss des low-carbon electricity generation with an installed capacity des 8 GW, which at this time accounts weil das 12% von Germany's annual electricity production, will inevitably lead kommen sie around 60 million tonnes des additional carbon emissions über year because much more fossil fuels oase to be burned an order kommen sie provide ns necessary instead of service," die letter states. "This will increase national emissions von 5% compared to die reference year 1990."

The writer say Germany cannot afford such an "unnecessary setback" at a time wie man its emissions are currently rising sharply again ~ the covid-19 pandemic. They note in 2021 emissions are expected to be "only" 37% below die level von 1990. This is ausblüten outside the 2020 target des 40% below 1990 levels, which has currently been missed. Ns expansion of renewable energies und the construction von north-south infection lines are also currently gift delayed, they say, while ns recent steep rise in natural gas prices ist favouring die burning des coal.

"You could blieb achieve your climate target zum 2030. You could still change course und change her priorities deswegen that die coal phase-out come before die nuclear phase-out. All that zu sein needed ist a climate notfall ordinance with bei amendment to ns Nuclear PowerAct, which puts the extension des the life cycle zum the energie plants indigenous 2030 kommen sie 2036 back into force.

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"Are your political leaders brave enough kommen sie make this details change, which would clearly oase a positive impact on emissions, on your behalf weist a an essential time in the climate crisis? This contingency measure up - a simple postponement des the nuclear phase-out - would rightly deserve die respect of the younger generation und future generations."

Among die signatories des the letter are: physicist go Allison from the University des Oxford; energy analyst Malcolm Grimston of Imperial college London; climate researcher james Hansen von Columbia University; regen Klute, chairman des German pro-nuclear gruppe Nuklearia; brother environmentalists und writers unterschrift Lynas and George Monbiot; Rauli Partanen, founder des Finland's Think Atom; us documentary filmmaker robert Stone; Geraldine Thomas, molecular biologist und director des the Chernobyl organization Bank, royal College London; and Myrto Tripathi, founder of France's Voix sie Nucléaire.