Nord stream 2 wiki

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The NordStream2 Pipeline will fahrzeug natural gas into the European gewerkschaftler to improve security von supply, assistance climate goals and strengthen ns internal power market.

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The EU’s domestic gas production is in rapid decline. Zu meet demand, the eu needs reliable, affordable und sustainable new gas supplies. Ns NordStream2 Pipeline möchte provide this by transporting gas from die world’s biggest reserves an Russia kommen sie the eu internal market.

The gas Market weist a Glance

Explore our interactive map des European gas infrastructure and key market data.

The gas Market hinweisen a Glance die EU’s domestic gas production is in rapid decline. NordStream2 wollen meet Europe’s farming import needs von connecting the well-integrated europe pipeline network to die world’s largest gas reserves an northern Russia, dramatically enhancing ns EU’s long-term power security and helping preserve its competitiveness. This interaction map illustrates ns context in which die project ist being developed.

Source: based on Prognos: current Status und Perspectives des the European gas Balance (2017), map adjusted from ENTSOG

The europäische union Needs additional Imports

Europe’s gas demand ist expected to remain stable, but domestic gas production is declining.

The eu Needs additional Imports Europe’s gas demand is expected zu remain largely stable in the following 20 years, yet domestic gas production ist declining. Just the global LNG market und Russia schutz sufficient arisen resources to fill the supply gap. NordStream2 provides a safe und affordable way kommen sie deliver these resources.

Source: based upon Prognos: existing Status and Perspectives of the European gas Balance (2017)

conference Future gas Demand die EU’s domestic gas production ist concentrated in northwest Europe and has decreased drastically an recent years. Even in more optimistic target scenarios, gas demand ist projected to remain roughly current level into die 2030s. Meanwhile, production levels room expected zu halve again an the next two decades. This drop ist especially drastic in the Netherlands, UK and Germany – which right now make nach oben about 75 percent von the EU's domestic production. Together a result, Europe needs kommen sie import much more gas.

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Source: based upon Prognos: current Status and Perspectives von the European gas Balance (2017)

A an essential Fuel in the power Mix As ns fossil fuel with ns lowest greenhouse gas and particulate emissions, natural gas currently has the second-largest share bei the EU’s energy mix. The increase in renewable production in past years has mainly resulted in, and made hoch for, a reduction in the use of coal. Natural gas offers a cost-effective and sustainable way kommen sie achieve emissions reduction targets. Depending on die technology used, gas-fired energie plants produce about 50 percent less co₂ than coal-fired stärke plants.

Source: IEA world Energy Outlook 2016, BGR yearly Energy Report 2016

the Shortest route from gas Field kommen sie Consumer based on proven, safe und sustainable technology, NordStream2 requirements less power than various other options. Acquisition a short route via ns Baltic Sea, it’s the most competitive choice weil das the region compared to both LNG und onshore pipelines. The new pipeline will fahrzeug gas weist 61 percent reduced emissions than ns Central Corridor, und its greenhouse gas footprint möchte be an ext than two times lower than that des LNG imports.

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Source: Illustration von NordStream2

Securing gas Supply bei a Changing globalen Market With global demand expected kommen sie rise von 25 percent over ns next 2 decades, the eu must secure long-term gas resources. Gas trade flows möchte likely change to die Asia-Pacific region, which möchte absorb currently arisen LNG capacities. But Europe tun können benefit from its proximity zu vast gas reserves readily available in northern Russia. These fields are not subject to resource compete from various other regions.

Source: IEA welt Energy Outlook 2016

Source: BGR annual Energy Report 2016

higher Efficiency, lower Emissions the greenhouse gas footprint from NordStream2 wollen be an ext than two times lower 보다 that von liquefied natural gas (LNG) exporters. A significant supply chain factor bei this zu sein the long-distance shipping required von LNG. über comparison, die NordStream2 Pipeline wollen be fed by in efficient onshore system that needs just a single compressor station zu propel the gas a fairly short street across die Baltic Sea.

consumer Benefit in a more Competitive sector Natural gas transported über NordStream2 möchte increase competition in ~ Europe. Von making an ext affordable Russian gas available, ns pipeline will not only create an appealing alternative zu LNG imports, but deshalb reduce as whole import prices. This equals huge savings on Europe's gas import bill, especially in a chop global gas market wie man LNG demand ist high bei other regions.

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Source: Impacts des NordStream2 on ns European gas Market (2017), EWI energy Research & Scenarios gGmbH

Natural gas is a lower-carbon fuel that can replace other fossil fuels in the energy mix and deliver a dependable output zu complement intermittent renewable energy. NordStream2 wollen enhance die EU’s security von supply and complement, notfall replace, existing gas supply options.Looking for more information? uncover answers to the top 10 concerns about ns NordStream2 project here.

zu sein the NordStream2 pipeline topic to eu energy industry regulation?

die EU’s internal gas market legislations only regulate pipelines within the internal market – NordStream2 lies outside von the internal market.

Will the pipeline attitude a risk to die sensitive Baltic Sea environment?

The erste NordStream task demonstrated that the impacts of construction to be limited, local and temporary.

zu sein NordStream2 an line with the EU’s energy goals?

NordStream2 clearly meets die three core objectives of eu energy policy: competitive, secure, and sustainable.

with climate goals and the shift zu renewable energy, does herbal gas still fit?

Clean-burning gas can so help the eu to meet its climate targets.

does this pipeline boost Europe’s dependency on Russia?

European gas companies möchte buy gas where they find ns best deal.

Will ns pipeline do other fahrzeug systems redundant?

NordStream2 complements die existing natural gas import courses to the EU.

Will ns pipeline have a negativ impact on supply security zum Eastern Europe?

NordStream2 boosts supply security und creates a stronger interior market for all.

zu sein the new pipeline compatible with the EU’s diversification strategy?

NordStream2 support Europe’s security des supply. It gives a separate pipeline system along ns Baltic Sea route and increases supply capacity.

walk Europe yes, really need additional natural gas pipelines?

gas production in the europäische union is forecast to decrease 50 über cent in the next 20 years. Russian gas is ns best option to compensate.

NordStream2 is widely discussed, but who wollen ultimately authorise the construction?

ns permission kommen sie build NordStream2 needs to be granted from ns authorities von the nations through whose waters the pipeline will pass.

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