Herbsttag Von Rainer Maria Rilke

Wilhelm Busch: Herbstwald (2. Hälfte 19. Jh.)

Gedicht: Herbsttag (1902)

Autor: Rainer maria RilkeEpoche: Symbolismus Strophen: 3, Verse: 12 Verse zum Strophe: 1-3, 2-4, 3-5
Herr, das ist Zeit. Das Sommer zu sein sehr groß.

Du schaust: Herbsttag von rainer maria rilke

Leg dein Schatten oben die Sonnenuhren,
und in den Fluren lass das Winde los.
Befiehl den letzten Früchten, voll zu sein;
gib nachname noch zwei südlichere Tage,
dränge sie zur Vollendung hin, und jage
die finale Süße an den extrem Wein.
Wer jetzt kein Haus hat, konstruieren sich keines mehr.
Wer heute allein ist, wird es lange bleiben,
wird wachen, lesen, lange buchstabe schreiben
und wird in den Alleen hin und her
unruhig wandern, wenn ns Blätter treiben.

Wilhelm Busch: Herbstwald (2. Hälfte 19. Jh.)

Poem: loss Day (1902)

Author: Rainer maria RilkeEpoch: Symbolism Stanzas: 3, Lines: 12 Lines über stanza: 1-3, 2-4, 3-5
After die summer"s yield, Lord, it ist time
to let your shadow lengthen on die sundials
and bei the pastures let die rough winds fly.
As zum the final fruits, coax them kommen sie roundness.
Direct top top them 2 days of warmer irradiate
to hale them gelb toward their term, und harry
the last few drops von sweetness through the wine.
Whoever"s homeless now, möchte build no shelter;
who leben alone will direkt indefinitely so,
waking up zu read a little, draft lang letters,
and, along the city"s avenues,
fitfully wander, wie man the grausam leaves loosen.

Epoch: Symbolism

Begin of epoch 1890End of epoch 1920Links:
Henri Julien-Félix Rousseau, the sleeping gypsy (1897) Imperialismus/Kolonialisierung1. WeltkriegWeimarer RepublikDie RöntgenstrahlungDas FernsehenDer MotorflugDas RadioDie FließbandfertigungDer Laser
Historical background
Politic and economyYearLinks
Inventions und discoveriesYearLinks

Author: Rainer maria Rilke

Civil name: René karl Wilhelm Johann joseph Maria Rilke* 1875† 1926 (51 years)Links:
Rainer maria Rilke, ~ a drawing des Emil Orlik (1917)

The poem “Herbsttag” by Rainer maria Rilke (published in 1902) ist about ns finding and missing des a fulfilling lifestyle. Different stanzas deal with different aspects of autumn.

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First stanza

The zuerst stanza’s subject ist the change bolzen summer und autumn: summer is described as a past event stressed von the use von past tense (“war” line 1). “Schatten” (line 2) und “Winde (line 3) (shades und winds) space characteristics des the coming autumn. This change is addressed in form of a prayer. Die reason zum this prayer is quite simple: it is time zum autumn to come (“es zu sein Zeit” line 1) together summer has ended. Ns expression “Herr” an line 1 (Lord) as well as the interruption des the regular metre stress ns stanza’s prayer-like form.Even though die topic seems kommen sie be obvious when taking a look at ns title, the erste stanza clearly introduces it defining it in more detail: time and its passing. Time is mentioned in addition to the image of a sundial (line 2), which ist able zu measure time. Sundials are connected to die sun, in essential heavenly body that stands for daytime and summer. An many cultures, sundials are verbunden with superior gods together well. Ns antithesis1 “Schatten” and “Sonnen(uhr)” (line 2) stresses ns radical change des time und seasons. ~ all, sundials cannot measure time as shortly as clouds hülle the sky. Another bild symbolising these changes are die winds.

Second stanza

The second stanza zu sein about die maturing of the crops. Thus, harvest zu sein depicted as a far-reaching activity des this season. Die prayer-like form is ongoing pleading weil das finishing ns crops’ maturing (line 6). While an the beginning des the stanza it is spoken about the fruits (“Früchten” line 4), it is later ~ above talked around wine (line 7). This could be an allusion to die intoxicating effect von wine – a symbol weil das high spirits und ecstatic feelings.The passing summer is ausblüten present an the 2nd stanza: the metaphor2 “südlichere Tage” (southern days) stands for the summer’s warmth and bright. Die crops’ maturity zu sein addressed von the expression “Vollendung” in line 6 (perfection), “voll” in line 4 (complete) and “Süße” in line 7 (sweetness).The concept of time zu sein not damit verbundenen to change but rather to perfection and maturity an this stanza; an essential conclusion von a process that have to bear fruits.

Third stanza

The der dritte tag stanza approaches ns various aspects von autumn from different angles. Not nature is bei the stanza’s taste focus however rather human being beings. The form of die poem retreats behind that is reflection. 2 sentences describe feasible consequences von autumn on humans – even if only metaphorically (line 8, 9ff.). Die anaphora3 “Wer jetzt…” as well as the parallelism in syntax put focus on its impact on humans: According zu these thoughts, human beings expect homelessness and loneliness if castle do notfall manage kommen sie build a residence or find company (“Wer jetzt nein Haus hat”, “Wer derzeit allein ist”). An both instances it zu sein stressed that die current situation will notfall change for a lang time. The image of floating leaves (line 12) reflects in unsteadily wandering (“unruhig wandern line 12), homeless einer who is surrounded von nature. über interrupting the regular metre, ns word “unruhig” (unsteady) ist particularly emphasised.Activities that are verbunden with loneliness such as “wachen, lesen, lange buchstabe schreiben” (line 10) (being awake, reading, writing lang letters) as well as “unruhig wandern” (line 12) (unsteadily wandering) room attributes des this introverted life.

Interpretation des the all at once poem

Even though the nature’s view on humans changes between the second und third stanza und the object switches indigenous maturity und completion kommen sie loneliness, ns stanzas do not contradict however rather enhance each other. Perfection of nature zu sein requested and the consequences des missing perfection des humans’ lives is depicted. Ns anaphora “wer” (line 8) expresses a condition, namely that loneliness ist not part of human natur but ist caused über lacking perfection an finding a home und social company.The poem’s structure illustrates this von the enhancing number des lines: when stanza one only consists of three lines including internal rhymes as well (“Fluren” line 3), stanza 2 has 4 lines, and stanza three 5 embracing rhymes. The increasing number des lines create the image of a lonely walk in autumn avenues that go not kommen sie to in end. The image of “Herbsttag” (title) zu sein used ambiguously. At first glance, the literal meaning dominates: “Schatten” (line 2), “Winde” (line 3), “Blätter” (line 12) (shades, winds, leaves). early out to die reference to humans’ loneliness one more level of meaning is created: detect a home und a place in human society, finding a fulfilling lifestyle. All this has to happen at ns right time as missing a great opportunity could lead zu its lose for bei indefinite time. This tun können be in allusion to die human’s age (autumn von life – high age) or to ns approaching von dark and bad zeit such as disease or failure.

Remarks und stylistic devices

1Antithesis: contrasting 2 terms or phrases through opposite meanings, typical for the literary duration Baroque.

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2Metaphor: figure von speech that refers zu one thing by mentioning another.
3Anaphora: repeating a word or a sequence des words at ns beginnings of sentences/verses. Example: mad world! mad kings! mad composition!

Grade: TeacherMark: no info

Topical group , Nature/Landscape

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