ABDEL FATTAH AL-SISI

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Born:November 19, 1954 (age 66)CairoEgypt(Birthday in 2 days)...(Show more)Title / Office:president (2014-), Egypt...(Show more)

Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, (born november 19, 1954, Cairo, Egypt), Egyptian armed forces officer who became Egypt’s de facto leader bei July 2013, after the country’s army removed Pres. Mohammed Morsi from energie following massive protests versus his rule. Sisi was elected president in May 2014 and elected kommen sie a second term in March 2018.

Military career

Sisi i graduated from the Egyptian military Academy an 1977, climate served in the infantry. Like other Egyptian officers of his generation, he never saw combat, but he advanced through ns ranks zu command a mechanically based infantry division und then served as ns commander des Egypt’s northern armed forces region. In 2010 he was appointed to the post des director of military intelligence.

Following the ouster des Egyptian Pres. Hosni Mubarak after in uprising in January und February 2011, Sisi was die youngest member von the can be fried Council of the equipped Forces (SCAF), a body von senior military offizier that took over die governing von Egypt. He was elevated to die positions of defense minister und commander von the equipped forces in August 2012 when Morsi, embroiled an a energie struggle with the military, managed kommen sie force the most seniorin members des the SCAF into retirement and then promoted die little-known Sisi to ns top position.

June 30 Revolution

Sisi took centre stage bei Egyptian politics bei the summer von 2013, after ~ a protest movement called Tamarrud (“Rebellion”) arised demanding that Morsi be removed or changed through in early election. On June 30, demonstrations versus Morsi had reached a size and intensity notfall seen since the ouster von Mubarak an February 2011, v some demonstrators chanting weil das Sisi zu oust Morsi in a prefer manner. ~ above July 1 Sisi issued an ultimatum zu Morsi kommen sie resolve the crisis within 48 hrs or challenge military intervention. Morsi readily available some negotiations but refused to step down or agree to early elections, dafür on July 3 ns military deposed him und put er under arrest. A token president, Adly Mansour, was installed, however it was clear the Sisi, that retained ns title von defense minister, wielded power.

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Sisi, Abdel Fattah al-
Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, 2013.
Michael Kappeler—picture-alliance/dpa/AP Images

The intervention was condemned über Morsi’s supporters in the Muslim Brotherhood, who accused Sisi des having i turned down democracy von deposing a freely chosen president. Sisi countered that ns military had lugged out ns will von the Egyptian people, as expressed bei the anti-Morsi protests, and that ns Islamist-dominated administration led by Morsi had put die Muslim Brotherhood’s interests prior to those des the country as a whole. Confrontations betwee the Muslim Brotherhood und the military grew tense as ns Muslim Brotherhood und its allies prove across die country und refused kommen sie participate in the transitional process. Meanwhile, Muslim Brotherhood leaders were arrested, und the group’s media networks were schließe die tür down. Top top July 8, as the Muslim Brotherhood staged a protest outside a military base, security pressures opened fire und killed much more than 50 people. Facing continued opposition from the Muslim Brotherhood, Sisi dubbed on Egyptians kommen sie rally in support des the military versus “violence and terrorism.” top top July 26, hundreds of thousands von Egyptians across the country heeded die call und took to die streets to show their support.

With this show von support, ns military wasted wenig time widening their crackdown. The next day practically 100 civilization were killed during a rally von Muslim Brotherhood supporters. On august 14, hundreds to be killed when Egyptian security pressures moved to disperse sit-ins outside die Rabaa al-Adawiya Mosque in Cairo; within die next several days, an ext than 1,000 had been killed an the crackdown.

Leadership and presidency

All die while, Sisi found far-reaching political support amongst Egyptians that were exhausted über two years of economic and political turmoil. Oversize portraits of er became bei increasingly typical sight in the streets, and a variety des political teams were formed to tout Sisi as a solid leader and urge er to seek ns presidency. Sisi himself denied having any type of desire kommen sie hold the office, but bei March 2014 he shown expectations von announcing the he would certainly resign from die military kommen sie run zum president later that year. The entered the race as die overwhelming favourite, offered his popularity and the fact that many des the most-prominent figures in Egyptian national politics had already ruled the end running bei 2014. The election was held in May, and, together expected, Sisi easily defeated his just opponent, the leftist Hamdeen Sabahi.

As president, Sisi challenged renewed attacks by Islamist militants. An the Sinai Peninsula, ns site des a long-running insurgency against die Egyptian government, attacks became more frequent und deadlier after a local extremist kopieren, gruppe pledged allegiance to the Islamic State in Iraq und the Levant (ISIL) bei 2014. Sisi vowed zu crush ns insurgency with military force and launched large-scale operations aimed weist rooting out militants.

Egypt’s return zu stability under Sisi allowed er to store his approval rating aloft transparent his zuerst term. Framework projects, investment an Egypt’s economy, und financial reformen provided optimism zum economic recovery, despite improvements in living standards continued to be slow moving. Amongst his best projects was in expansion of the Suez Canal.

Meanwhile, the regime’s continuous endeavour weil das security und stability continued zu meet criticisms des excessive suppression des political opposition. International human rights groups accused ns government of using extreme force versus political opponents und journalists, citing widespread reports that people viewed as threats von the government had been subjected kommen sie abusive actions, including indefinite detention, torture, heritage confiscation, and restrictions on travel inside und outside the country.

Sisi winner a 2nd term an office an March 2018 in in election that was widely considered kommen sie be lacking bei genuine competition. Several credible candidates had actually been excluded indigenous contention zum legal und procedural reasons, leaving Sisi to face a little-known opponent, Mousa Mostafa Mousa, who had been bei outspoken supporter of Sisi’s till entering die race himself bei late January. Sisi’s final vote pistole exceeded 97 percent, however voter turnout was low, only 41 percent.

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The Editors von Encyclopaedia uvcdeals.comThis article was most newly revised und updated by Adam Zeidan.